Liver of Sulfur Patina Tutorial

by Jennifer Hisir.

Liver of sulfur patina gives copper earrings a lovely green color

Liver of sulfur patina gives copper earrings a lovely green color

Creating incredible layers of color on your handmade jewelry is easily achieved with the use of liver of sulfur.

Copper maple leaf bracelet with black patina

Copper maple leaf bracelet with black patina

This wondrous chemical compound oxidizes many different metals creating fantastic colors on your handmade earrings and unique bracelets, making your handmade jewelry extraordinary.

Copper earrings with liver of sulfur patina

Copper earrings with liver of sulfur patina

The varieties of colors that can be achieved are incredible ranging from gold to black and everything in between. No other chemical can produce such wide-ranging color patterns on the surface of a variety of metals including silver and copper jewelry.

Working in a well ventilated area is a definite must, outdoors is preferable.

The odor of rotten eggs given off by liver of sulfur can be overwhelming if used in a closed area.

It is easy to be put off by the smell but the results that can be achieved are simply amazing.

Liver of sulfur comes in two types:

The liquid form can be used straight from the bottle, but the shelf life is unpredictable even when stored in a cool, dark place.

Solid liver of sulfur is usually sold in small chunks, which are mixed as needed. For this reason, it is better to buy small amounts of the solid and make your solution mixing only what you need to create the most beautiful handcrafted jewelry.

For your solution, put a 1 cm or 1/4 inch clump of solid liver of sulfur in a glass or plastic container with about 1 cup of water. The color of the solution should be a very pale yellow.

A strong solution will develop the colors too quickly to stop the process at your desired color, while too weak of a solution can take too long and build a thick flaky crust.

Experiment to find the best concentration for the metal you are working with to get the results you want.

Set up your workstation so you can easily go from one step to the next. Have a heat source, the liver of sulfur solution, cold water bath and finally a soapy baking soda rinse.

The secret to control the process is the solution strength and the temperature.

The hotter solution will react more quickly and the colors will move faster from one color to the next.

They roughly go from gold, pink, blue, purple, gray and finally black.

Before you begin, your metal handcrafted jewelry piece should be clean and free from dirt or oils from your hands. Wearing gloves throughout the process is preferable.

Liver of sulfur will begin to react the instant you put handmade bracelets or handmade earrings into it. Let the color develop for a couple of seconds on the handmade jewelry piece, then put in the cold water to stop the patina forming.

Repeat these steps until you reach the desired color.

Finally, rinse the piece in soapy baking soda solution to remove any liver of sulfur residue that could continue to change the color of the patina.

Do not rub the handcrafted jewelry piece with the baking soda mixture as any abrasive will damage the patina finish you have worked hard to create.

Liver of sulfur produces a patina finish on metal handmade jewelry, but if not treated the effects will wear over time. Use a clear lacquer finish to protect your handmade earrings and handmade bracelets with their new patina finish.

Be adventurous and watch how a little color can change your handcrafted jewelry into a masterpiece!

Jennifer Hisir
Copper Reflections Handmade Jewelry
Copper Reflections Handmade Jewelry Blog


by: Anonymous

Where do you buy the LOS?
Your jewelry is beautiful!

Thank you for the tutorial
by: zoraida

Thanks for this great tutorial. I love copper in all its’color variations and intend to experiment with LOS. This will be very helpful.

Liver of Sulfur Patina Tutorial
by: Rena

Thanks so much for these easy instructions, Jennifer! With colored / patinaed metal gaining so much interest among jewelry customers, this is a great new technique to learn! Thank you for sharing your expertise.

Spot appeared on a LOS treated pendant
by: Anonymous

After wearing the pendant a few times I noticed a light spot on the edge. I must have touched it with something (???) on my fingers. what could have caused this.

Also, I have never been able to get that beautiful green that your jewelry shows. How do you do it?


LOS colours other than Black
by: Lisa of WildGift Designs

Hi, I love the colours on your example photos. How do you obtain the vibrant green? I have heard of using salt and ammonia in the LOS solution, but never found a recipe. Thanks for sharing your tutorial.

Great tips
by: Jane

Hi! Great tips! I will be linking at in future post.


Wow !
by: Salima

Wow !!! Your jewelery is magnificent and absolutely unique.
I’ve never liked copper jewelery until now. 🙂
I love it ,I love it , I love it !

LOS green on copper???
by: Candace

I’ve been using LOS for years and I have never been able to obtain a green color. You have to give the “recipe.”

green color
by: Barbara in France

I’ve tried ammonia and salt to get greens with unsatisfactory results. Please tell us how LOS gives green. What is your recipe? Please, please, please! Thanks.

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